Torsdag 4.5 klockan 10.15–11.00 (ARC 1, Arcanum, vån. 1): Viola Parente-Čapková, Turun yliopisto.
Torsdag 4.5 klockan 11.00–11.45 (ARC 1, Arcanum, vån. 1): Lovisa Andén, University of Tromsø & Åbo Akademi.
Fredag 5.5 klockan 12.00–12.45 (Armfelt A102, Arken vån. 1): Colin Davis, Royal Holloway, University of London.
Introduktion: Viola Parente-Čapková
Viola Parente-Čapková är professor i finsk litteratur vid Turun yliopisto och assisterande professor vid Charles universitetet i Prag, Tjeckien. Hon leder forskingsprojekten ”Texts on the Move: Reception of Women’s Writing in Finland and Russia 1840–2020” och ”Struck by the Unknown: Fiction as a promoter of the Finnish language among adults with im/migrant background”. Parente-Čapková är intresserad av litteraturhistoria, feministisk litteraturteori, fin de siècle-litteratur, transnational litteraturforskning, digital humanvetenskap och kulturell språkinlärning.
Keynote abstract: Shared Reading as Experience Formation: Using Literature?
Reading experience has been researched and defined in various ways and contexts, as an emotional, intellectual, or even physical event. The role of language in reading experience has been recognized, but the way reading experience is connected to language acquisition and becomes a formative experience have not been brought up within literary studies. In my paper, I reflect on the shared reading experience of adult learners of Finnish with academic backgrounds in reading circles organized by the research project Struck by the Unknown: Fiction as promotor of the Finnish language among adults with im/migrant background. In the reading experience connected to cultural language learning in a reading circle, it is
impossible to separate cognitive processes and emotions from intellectual event. An appropriate venue to explore the cognitive, emotional, and intellectual together is a reading circle, where aesthetic experience permeates a learning process. I will bring up some facets of shared reading as experience formation by reporting on how our research team and our
reading circle participants experienced the project. Facets of this shared reading experience include a dialogical transborder approach that creates space to articulate emotions. Finally, I reflect on the issue of using or instrumentalizing literature.
Introduktion: Lovisa Andén
Lovisa Andén är assisterande professor i filosofi vid Tromsø universitet i Norge. Hennes forskning undersöker frågor om representation, sanning och erfarenhet i testimonial litteratur. Hon leder just nu forskningsprojektet ”Muted Memoirs and Silenced Stories: Memoirs by Women of the Gulag Archipelago” vid Åbo Akademi. Hon har tidigare jobbat med relationen mellan litteratur, erfarenhet och mening i Maurive Merleau-Pontys fenomenologi. Hon disputerade år 2017 med sin avhandling ”Litteratur och erfarenhet i Merleau-Pontys läsning av Proust, Valéry och Stendhal” vid Södertörns högskola/Uppsala universitet. Tillsammans med Franck Robert och Emmanuel de Saint Aubert har Andén transkriberat, editerad och publicerat Merleau-Pontys handskrivna manuskript för hans kurs vid Collège de France 1953-1954, ”Sur le problème de la parole” (On the problem of Speech), publicerad av MetisPress i 2020.
Keynote abstract: Narration and Self-Representation in Women’s Testimonial Literature from the Gulag Archipelago
All testimonial literature makes a certain claim to truth. The writer appeals to the reader to believe her, to believe that she is telling it “as it really was”. However, the notion of truth in testimonial literature is ambiguous because this kind of testimonies can be said to be true in two different senses: first of all, it can be true in terms of accuracy and, second, it can represent the true meaning of the experience. If we understand truth in testimonial literature as a narrative that is somehow true to the meaning of the experience, we must ask how a meaningful discourse is conditioned on the one hand by self-representation, and, on the other by the possibilities to be understood and believed. I explore how those conditions are significantly, different for women and for men, for repatriated Europeans and for Soviet survivors.
Almost one million Europeans were deported to the Far East and the Great North, to Siberia and to the Urals between 1939-1950. Even though men outnumbered women in the Gulag camps, women and children constituted the majority of those deported. Furthermore, even when women lived in the same camps as men, their experiences were different, and so were their possibilities to narrate their experience. I discuss how testimonial literature written by women who survived the Gulag are conditioned by a silence that has only been partially broken, by traumas that has not been recognized as such and experiences that has yet to be acknowledged.
Introduktion: Colin Davis
Colin Davis är professor emeritus i franska och litteraturvetenskap vid University of London, Royal Holloway, Storbritannien. Tidigare har han haft positioner vid Cambridge, Oxford och Warwick. Han har också varit besökande professor vid Ecole Normale Supérieure – Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Lyon, Frankrike, University of Indiana, Bloomington, USA och Turun yliopisto. År 2021 utnämndes han till Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes académiques av franska staten. Hans forskning fokuserar främst på relationer mellan litteratur, film och filosofi med speciellt intresse för den moderna franska romanen, etik, etisk kritik, filosofiska perspektiv på litteratur och film, hermeneutik, litteraturteori, kulturellt minne, traumastudier och förintelselitteratur. Hans de senaste böcker är Traces of War: Interpreting Ethics and Trauma in Twentieth-Century French Writing (2018), The Routledge Companion to Literature and Trauma, tillsammans med Hanna Meretoja (2020) och Silent Renoir: Philosophy and the Interpretation of Early Film (2021).
Keynote abstract: The Experience of Reading
We bring our past experiences with us when we read a literary work; it constitutes a new experience for us whilst we read it, and it may have a continuing effect on us in our subsequent attitudes and behaviour. But these different aspects of the experience of reading are difficult to describe because our engagements with literature are unruly and unpredictable. Reading is influenced by cultural norms and shared expectations, but it is also private and idiosyncratic. One reader might be deeply moved by a particular work, whilst another is profoundly bored. The experience of reading is too wayward to encourage any endeavour to regulate or foresee its outcome. So why do some of us continue to insist that literature matters, not just to us as individuals, but also to society more generally, and to the cultivation of the values we hope to uphold? The plethora of passionate defences of literature suggests both an urgent sense that we need to proclaim the importance of reading and that we are still failing to find the final argument that will convince prospective students, university authorities and sceptical funding bodies. This paper looks at some recent accounts of why literature matters, particularly focussing on attempts to understand how reading might, or might not, help develop our better selves. The persistent danger is that we are speaking only to those who are already inclined to listen. The paper offers no decisive solution to these problems, but this should not (yet) be taken as a counsel of despair.